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To summarize means to restate the main ideas of someone else's work in your own words. In a summary you are only conveying the general meaning of the idea of the original source, not specific details.

Summaries are useful when you want to refer to the main ideas of another person's argument before you counter with your own argument or analysis.    When you summarize remember to provide a reference and use your own words.

Tips to Keep in Mind When Summarizing

  • Remember to only summarize the author's main or key points
  • Be clear about what is important for your reader to know about the source you are referring to


Examples of Summarizing: