Skip to Main Content

MLA Style Guide

eBook from Library Database


It is important to include the location element when referencing electronic resources. The following identifiers (in order of preference) may be listed as the location for an electronic resource: 

  1. a DOI
  2. a permalink
  3. a URL

Do not include the http:// or any other text before www in your references.  

Links included in the Works Cited may be active if you are submitting your paper electronically.




When creating an in-text citation for an eBook , keep in mind that some eBooks may not include page numbers. If the eBook includes paragraph numbers, use par. or pars. to indicate the paragraph(s) you are referring to. Numbering on eBooks may not be consistent on all devices, so it is also appropriate to use numbers of stable sections, such as chapter numbers (i.e. ch. 2), in your in-text citations in place of page or paragraph numbers.  Examples are outlined below:

Reference Information

Collins, Stella. Neuroscience for Learning and Development: How to Apply Neuroscience and Psychology for Improved Learning and Training. Kogan Page, 2016. eBook Academic Collection, nlebk&AN=1086319&site=Ehost-live.

In-text Citation Guidelines



Include the author's last name and page number (or paragraph number) placed in brackets at the end of a sentence.


Consider this a paraphrased sentence (Collins ch. 6).                        


Include the author's last names as part of the sentence; include the page number (or paragraph number) in brackets.


According to Collins, "consider this a direct quote" (234).

Remember, in-text citation formatting changes depending on a number of factors.