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MLA Style Guide 9th Edition


Book Chapter Uploaded to Brightspace


When including the URL for an online source, you may choose to omit the "http://" or any other text before the "www"

Book chapter


Last, First. "Title of Chapter." Brightspace, uploaded by Instructor Name, Date, URL.



Henderson, Eric. "Writing the Research Paper." Brightspace, uploaded by Sarah Ryan, 12 Dec. 2018,

There are different ways to format an in-text citation, depending on your writing style and sentence structure. Every in-text citation must include the author's last name and page number. Formatting examples are outlined below:

Reference Information

Henderson, Eric. “Writing the Research Paper.” Brightspace, uploaded by Sarah Ryan, 12 Dec. 2018,

In-text Citation Guidelines



Include the author's last name and page number placed in brackets at the end of a sentence.


Consider this a paraphrased sentence (Henderson 74).   


Include the author's name as part of the sentence; include the page number in brackets. The first time the author is mentioned in text use their full name (excluding middle initials), and use their last name only after that.


According to Eric Henderson, "consider this a direct quote" (74). Henderson goes on to explain that this is a paraphrased sentence (75).

Remember, in-text citation formatting may change depending on a number of factors.