Skip to Main Content

MLA Style Guide 9th Edition


Whole Website, Author and Publisher are the Same


Often, when it appears that a website has no author, the organization who publishes the site is also the author. When this is the case, omit the author element and list the organization as the publisher.

Refer to the core elements of MLA style to create references for websites. Remember, all elements may not apply to every source. If an element does not apply to your source, omit it from the reference.

See Tips for Online Sources for information about including URL's.


Whole Website no author OR Author/Publisher the same


Title of Website, Publisher, Date, location. Access Date.



MLA Style Center. Modern Language Association, 20212,


*In the example above the corporate author is also the publisher of the website. When this is the case, omit the author element and list the corporation as the publisher. The work cited entry AND in-text citations will begin with the title of the website.

There are different ways to format in-text citations based on your sentence structure and writing style.

If a source has no author, use the first element of the works cited in the in-text citation. This is usually the title. You may shorten the title to the shortest noun phrase in your parenthetical in-text citations.

If there are no assigned pages or paragraph numbers, omit this element from the in-text citation. Do not count pages or paragraphs.

Reference Information

MLA Style Center. Modern Language Association, 2021, 

In-text Citation Guidelines



Include title only if no page or paragraph number is available.


Consider this a paraphrased sentence (MLA Style).


Include the title and page number, if available.


Consider this a paraphrased sentence (MLA Style 4).                        


Include the title and paragraph number, if available.


According to the MLA Style Center, "consider this a direct quote" (par. 22).

Remember, in-text citation formatting changes depending on a number of factors.