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APA Style Guide: 7th Edition

Creating a Reference for a PowerPoint Presentation

  • If the PowerPoint slides are from a classroom website, such as Brightspace, click here.
  • When referencing a PowerPoint presentation that cannot be retrieved (ie. a PowerPoint presentation that was shown in a lecture or meeting), it is considered personal communication and does not require a reference list entry. Click here to access citation rules for personal communication. 

Formatting Examples


Author, A. A., Author, B. B., & Author, C. C. (Year, Month followed by date of publication). Title of presentation in sentence case and italics: Capitalize the first word of the subtitle [PowerPoint slides]. Name of Hosting Website in Title Case.


Housand, B. (2016). Game on! Integrating games and simulations in the classroom [PowerPoint slides]. SlideShare.


  • Include the month and date of publication for PowerPoint presentations, when available.
  • Include the format, in square brackets, following the title.

Examples of formatting an in-text citation for this item are outlined below:

Reference Information

Housand, B. (2016). Game on! Integrating games and simulations in the classroom [PowerPoint slides]. SlideShare.

In-text Citation Guidelines



Parenthetical citation example



Consider this a paraphrased sentence (Housand, 2016).   


Narrative citation example


According to Housand (2016), "consider this a direct quote" (slide 5).

Remember, in-text citation formatting may change depending on a number of factors.

See Number of Authors, Publication Date, and Page/Paragraph Number or Heading for more information.