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APA Style Guide: 7th Edition

Creating a Reference for a PowerPoint Presentation

  • If the PowerPoint slides are from a classroom website, such as BlackBoard, click here.
  • When referencing a PowerPoint presentation that cannot be retrieved (ie. a PowerPoint presentation that was shown in a lecture or meeting), it is considered personal communication and does not require a reference list entry. Click here to access citation rules for personal communication. 

Formatting Examples

Examples of formatting an in-text citation for this item are outlined below:

Reference Information

Housand, B. (2016). Game on! Integrating games and simulations in the classroom [PowerPoint slides]. SlideShare.

In-text Citation Guidelines



Parenthetical citation example



Consider this a paraphrased sentence (Housand, 2016).   


Narrative citation example


According to Housand (2016), "consider this a direct quote" (slide 5).

Remember, in-text citation formatting may change depending on a number of factors.

See Number of Authors, Publication Date, and Page/Paragraph Number or Heading for more information.  

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