Skip to Main Content
It looks like you're using Internet Explorer 11 or older. This website works best with modern browsers such as the latest versions of Chrome, Firefox, Safari, and Edge. If you continue with this browser, you may see unexpected results.

APA Style Guide: 7th Edition

How to Format In-text Citations

APA uses the (author, date) citation system, which means that each in-text citation requires the following parts:

  • Author(s) - surname(s) only
  • Publication - year only

Sometimes, you must also include a page number, paragraph number, or heading in your in-text citation.

Examples are outlined below:

 

1.

Author(s) last name(s), and year placed in brackets at the end of a paraphrased sentence. Note: If you are paraphrasing from a long book or article, also include page, paragraph or heading info. 

 

Consider this a paraphrased sentence (Robins, 2009).

2.

Quote, beginning with date and author(s) last name(s); page # at the end of the sentence in brackets

 

In 2009Robins stated that "consider this a direct quote" (p. 6).

3.

Sentence beginning with author(s) last name(s) followed immediately by date in brackets; page # in brackets at the end of the quote

 

According to Robins (2009), "consider this a direct quote" (p. 6).

 

Library Contact & Hours | Privacy