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APA Style Guide: 7th Edition

Film or Video



Director, A. A. (Director). (Year). Title of film in sentence case and italics: Capitalize the first word of the subtitle [Description]. Production Company.



Forman, M. (Director). (1975). One flew over the cuckoo's nest Film]. United Artists.


  • Director, A. A. = Director’s surname followed by first and middle initials, when available. If unavailable, use someone in a similar role. In brackets, follow the name with a title; for example: (Director).
  • Describe the work in square brackets after the title. For example: [Film], [TV series], etc.

Examples of formatting an in-text citation for this item are outlined below:

Reference Information

Forman, M. (Director). (1975). One flew over the cuckoo’s nest [Film]. United Artists.

In-text Citation Guidelines



Parenthetical citation example



Consider this a paraphrased sentence (Forman, 1975).   


Narrative citation example


According to Forman, "consider this a direct quote with a time stamp" (1975, 12:57).

Remember, in-text citation formatting may change depending on a number of factors.

See Number of Authors, Publication Date, and Page/Paragraph Number, Heading or Time Stamp for more information.