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APA Style Guide: 7th Edition

Open Textbook

As defined by BCcampus, an open textbook is a "textbook licensed under an open copyright license and made available online to be freely used by students, teachers, and members of the public". Some examples of popular open textbook sites are BCcampus, OpenStax, and Project Gutenberg.

For more information, click here

Formatting Examples

Examples of formatting an in-text citation for this item are outlined below:

Reference Information

Melrose, S., Dusome, D., Simpson, J., Crocker, C., & Athens, E. (2015). Supporting individuals with intellectual disabilities and mental illness. BCcampus.

In-text Citation Guidelines



Parenthetical citation example



Consider this a paraphrased sentence (Melrose et al., 2015).   


Narrative citation example


According to Melrose et al. (2015), "consider this a direct quote" (p. 105).

Remember, in-text citation formatting may change depending on a number of factors.

See Number of Authors, Publication Date, and Page/Paragraph Number or Heading for more information.  

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