The following guidelines from the University of Toronto recommend using direct quotes in cases where:
For more information regarding how to use direct quotations as well as examples of their use, please refer to the NIC Library & Learning Commons Plagiarism guide.
"When you are quoting from a resource and that quote includes an internal quote, 'use single quotation marks for the internal quote!' and include punctuation for that internal quote within the single quotation marks."
Always reference the page number when it is provided:
Reference the paragraph when a page number is not provided:
If a quote consists of 40+ words:
Block Quote with Author at the Beginning
Pagination follows the year of publication after a colon (note that in the in-text citation, there is no space between the colon and the page number).
As tabulated by Kuhn (1970:71), the results show...
Lyoob, Rossetti, and Chen (2013) noted:
Block Quote with Author at the End
Cyber threats are not the only challenge to cloud computing: