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APA Style Guide: 7th Edition

Formatting: Quotations

  • When quoting, always provide the author, year and specific page or paragraph number in the citation
  • Incorporate the quote within the text
  • Enclose the quotation with double quotation marks
  • Include the full citation in the same sentence as the quotation


Always reference the page number when it is provided:

  1. Lougheed and Smith (2019) stated that the practitioners were "incorrigible" (p. 47).
  2. "Blake and Longmen were incorrigible - and everyone knew it" (Lougheed & Smith, 2019, p. 47).

Reference the paragraph when a page number is not provided:

  1. According to Cleveland et al. (2016), "consider this a direct quote" (para. 3).
  2. "Consider this a direct quote" (Cleveland et al., 2016, para. 3).



If a quote consists of 40+ words:

  • do not use quotations marks to enclose the quote
  • insert the quote as a block of text separate from the main body of your paper
  • indent the block .5 inches from the left margin
  • double-space the entire block quotation and do not add any space above or below it
  • place the in-text citation after the ending punctuation of the block quote OR cite the author and date in the narrative before the quotation
  • Use single quotation marks around a quote that falls within a quote unless the quote falls within a block quotation
  • Any punctuation that is part of a quote within a quote should be placed inside the single quotation marks


"When you are quoting from a resource and that quote includes an internal quote, 'use single quotation marks for the internal quote!' and include punctuation for that internal quote within the single quotation marks."

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