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APA Style Guide: 7th Edition

Creating References for Images

When you are making a reference to an image on a website, in a book, in a journal, etc. you should cite the item that the image is found in, rather than the image as its own entity. The reference and in-text citation formats on the tabs below are based on the following image:

Formatting Examples

The example above is from a book with authors, so the reference in your reference list should follow the format below. Click on the referencing tabs to the left to find the appropriate format for other item types.

An example of formatting an in-text citation for this item is outlined below:

Reference Information

Nasgaard, R. & Owens, G. (2017). Higher states: Lawren Harris and his American contemporaries. Goose Lane Editions.

In-text Citation Guidelines



Author(s) last name(s) and year of publication placed in brackets at the end of a paraphrased sentence. Connect final two names with '&'.

Note: If the image has a figure number or is on a specific page, include that information in the in-text citation.   


Georgia O'Keeffe's oil on canvas painting of the East River in New York is a great example of the views from Manhattan in the 1920s (Nasgaard & Owens, 2017, Figure 2).   

Remember, in-text citation formatting changes depending on a number of factors.

See Number of Authors, Publication Date, and Page/Paragraph Number or Heading for more information.  

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