APA follows the recommendations of the International DOI Foundation concerning the format of a DOI, which currently appears as follows:
Some items in the NIC electronic databases still display the previous DOI formats:
To adhere to the newest guidelines and maintain consistency, remove "doi:" or "http://dx.doi.org/" and add "https://doi.org/" in front of the DOI number.
Here is an example of an APA reference list entry with DOI:
According to the 7th edition APA Manual (2020, p. 298):
APA Citation Style requires that, when available, a DOI is included in the reference list entry.
If you ONLY have the DOI and need to find article information, use the following link :
From there, you can type or paste the DOI in the search box. The search will (in most cases) lead you to the publisher's website.
When a DOI is long or complex, you may use a shortDOI.
Use the shortDOI Service provided by the International DOI Foundation to create shortDOIs.